When you hear the word “marathon”, we will imagine a long-distance race. But not as perceived by the lay public, not all the race is a marathon race. Because the marathon race had a distance specific: 42.195 kilometers. Yep, 42 km plus 195 meters. Far, yes?
and Then, why is it called marathon?
Actually, Marathon is the name of a region in Greece. In the year 490 BC there was a Battle of the Marathon (Battle of Marathon) in the Bay of Marathon by a Greek army of Athens against the onslaught of the armies of Persia. After the battle was over and won by the Greek army, there is a legend about Pheidippides, the messenger who ran without stopping from Marathon to Athens to proclaim the victory of the Greeks over the Battle of Marathon. Although then Pheidippides died after delivering news of the victory because of fatigue.
Well, after all these centuries, the Olympic games in the modern era adopted the history of the be a number of athletic new called Marathon. At the Olympic Games of the modern era the first in the year 1896, the distance is around 40km from Marathon to Athens. However, this distance can be changeable in the next Olympic games because of the many routes between Marathon-Athens.
Some of the runners from the United States that participate in a number of the marathon in the Olympic games of 1986 brought “by” the race this Marathon to his native country. And the start of the year 1897 they always held the race run the Boston Marathon every year until today. Don’t be surprised if the Boston Marathon being the marathon race is the most prestigious.
official Distance agreed upon by the International Olympic Committee (International Olympic Committee, IOC) in 1907 is 25 miles (40 km) to the 1908 Olympic games in London. However, when mapping the route, organizers decided to use the route is 26 miles (from Windsor Castle to White City Stadium), plus 1 round of field (586 yards 2 feet) so the finish line is right in front of the grandstand where the King of England sat down to watch. Which at the time of the race changed again to be less than 1 round of the field, 385 yards.
26 miles 385 yards = 42 km 195 meters.
Until finally in May 1921, the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) set the 42,195 km as a distance of the official Marathon race which is still used as a reference until today. The distance is also still given tolerance additional a maximum of 42 meters (0.1 percent) in anticipation of the measurement error (1 extra meter per 1 km).
Initially, the number of athletic Marathon is only a competition for men. This number is new and was officially opened to female athletes at the Olympic games 1984 in Los Angeles, United States.
Not like the athletic field that easily made uniform because of the tour-just 400 meters, of course, not possible to create a pathway (track) special is 42,195 km just to race. So, usually, the marathon race using a track that already exists, for example, roads within the city. Therefore, although the distance of each marathon (certified by IAAF) it is equally 42,195 km, of course, the route will be different in one city with another city. In addition to the route, the conditions of the contour, height, elevation, and even the climate is certainly unique in each area. So, do not be surprised if a lot of runners who like to race on the outside of the city, or even abroad to get a different running experience.
the world Record for the Marathon ranged in numbers 2 hours (men 2:03:38 women 2:15:25). Of course by elite athletes/professionals. While for amateur runners of course much longer. Runners marathon “novice” is usually complete in 4 to 7 hours. Not the time for a moment. So not a few health risks in completing a marathon race without preparation.
Well, not to be mistaken again to call all the long-distance race like a marathon. For example, a 5K and 10K which is only 5 km and 10 km course, can not be called a marathon. Except for the 21K which is half of the marathon, 21 km, so it is called as a half-marathon. While that is full of 42,195 km is also commonly referred to as the full-marathon.